Buying a home for the first time can be a daunting experience. And being able to afford to buy a property has become the biggest problem for those trying to get on the property ladder.
Five Point Plan
Get some good advice. One of the best ways to help yourself as a first-time buyer is to seek out independent, professional advice. Family and friends are understandably the first port of call for many first-time buyers.
Do some mortgage research on the internet. Check out sites like www.whatmortgage.co.uk where you can shop around for a mortgage to suit you and find answers to many of your questions.
Investigate Shared Home Ownership. Shared equity or part-buy/part-rent schemes can appeal because buyers only need to find half the deposit and mortgage amount for the same property on the open market.
Never borrow more than you can afford. It may be tempting to try to outbid the competition for a property you like, but be realistic.
Don’t forget the added costs. It’s not just the mortgage, but insurance, furniture, council tax and so on that you need to consider.
Saving a deposit is the place to start. The bigger your deposit, the wider your choice of mortgage loans will be.
And if your deposit is worth at least five per cent of the property you want to buy, many more lenders will be prepared to lend to you.
However, when a five per cent deposit on the average first-time buyer house is more than £6,000, it can be hard.
But tempting as it may be, avoid borrowing the money for your deposit from a bank or building society, or on a credit card.
Before your mortgage is agreed, you will have to declare the loan with all other monthly expenditure on your mortgage application, which cuts the amount mortgage lenders will let you borrow.
In the past, many lenders were happy to lend 100 per cent – or more – of the value of the property.
The current credit crunch has put paid to that for now, but these mortgages are likely to return at some point.
Mortgage lenders have traditionally used income multiples to decide how much to let you borrow – although again, since the housing boom hugely inflated prices, this calculation can produce an affordability ‘gap’ because house prices have risen beyond these calculations.
Now, many lenders – at least 30 according to Moneyfacts – let you borrow based on ‘ability to pay’, which sometimes allows applicants to borrow a little more.
If, for example, you have a clean credit record, no children and two incomes, some lenders may be willing to give you more because you may have a higher disposable income.
Nationwide Building Society, Santander, Alliance & Leicester, Standard Life Bank, Halifax and Norwich & Peterborough BS are among these lenders.
Incidentally, lenders are often prepared to offer you a little more if you choose a five or 10-year fixed rate mortgage, because the monthly repayments stay the same for a long time, which is easier for borrowers to manage.
First-time buyers can be surprised by all the mortgage-related fees and charges.
Mortgage application fees, lender valuations and stamp duty alone can start at anything from £2,000 depending on the property price – and that’s before you move on to solicitor fees and surveys.
Research shows fewer than 10 per cent of first time buyers put cash aside for these fees. So many people pay fees out of their deposit, further limiting their mortgage options.
Several lenders offer cashback or fee-free mortgages to first-time buyers, which provide some welcome cash at a financially tricky time.
However, rates may be higher on these loans and so may cost more in the long run.